Get help from the best in academic writing.

Which of the following is true of functionalism?a. It breaks down experience into objective sensations and subjective feelings.b. It

Question Which of the following is true of functionalism?

a. It breaks down experience into objective sensations and subjective feelings.b. It looks at how habits help one cope with common situations.c. It shows that learning is accomplished only through mechanical repetition.d. It considers observable behavior to be a result of positive reinforcement and not negative reinforcement.

Instructions – Please identify the UCS, UCR, CR, and CS for each of the examples.

Question Instructions – Please identify the UCS, UCR, CR, and CS for each of the examples. 1. Every time someone flushes a toilet in the apartment building, the shower becomes very hot and causes the person to jump back. Over time, the person begins to jump back automatically after hearing the flush, before the water temperature changes.UCS-UCR- CR – CS-2. An individual receives frequent injections of drugs, which are administered in a small examination room at a clinic. The drug itself causes increased heart rate but after several trips to the clinic, simply being in a small room causes an increased heart rate.UCS-UCR- CR – CS-3. You have a meal at a fast food restaurant that causes food poisoning. The next time you see a sign for that restaurant, you feel nauseous.UCS-UCR- CR – CS-4. Every time a psychology instructor enters the classroom, she goes straight to the board to write an outline on it. Unfortunately, she has long fingernails and each time she writes the outline, her nails screech on the board, making students cringe. After a few weeks of this, students cringe at the sight of the teacher entering the classroom.UCS-UCR- CR – CS-5. At a football game, every time the home team scores a touchdown, the person behind you blasts an air horn near your ears causing you to wince. Unfortunately for you, the home team scores frequently. As the end of the game nears, the home team scores a touchdown, and even though the inconsiderate fan behind you has left, you still wince.UCS-UCR- CR – CS-

The Jacksons like to go out to dinner a few nights a week. However,

Question The Jacksons like to go out to dinner a few nights a week. However, they don’t go as often as they would like because their children, 4 year old Jack and 5 year old Jill engage in disruptive behavior at restaurants while waiting for the food to arrive. The children tease each other, play with the table settings, get out of their seats, and whine about being hungry. The parents often reprimand them for their disruptive behavior but the children only behave themselves briefly afterwards and then start engaging in disruptive behavior again. Describe the DRO procedure you would have the parents implement to decrease their children’s disruptive behavior in restaurants.

1. Every time someone flushes a toilet in the apartment building,

PsychologyQuestion 1. Every time someone flushes a toilet in the apartment building, the shower becomes very hot and causes the person to jump back. Over time, the person begins to jump back automatically after hearing the flush, before the water temperature changes.UCS-UCR- CR – CS-2. An individual receives frequent injections of drugs, which are administered in a small examination room at a clinic. The drug itself causes increased heart rate but after several trips to the clinic, simply being in a small room causes an increased heart rate.UCS-UCR- CR – CS-3. You have a meal at a fast food restaurant that causes food poisoning. The next time you see a sign for that restaurant, you feel nauseous.UCS-UCR- CR – CS-4. Every time a psychology instructor enters the classroom, she goes straight to the board to write an outline on it. Unfortunately, she has long fingernails and each time she writes the outline, her nails screech on the board, making students cringe. After a few weeks of this, students cringe at the sight of the teacher entering the classroom.UCS-UCR- CR – CS-5. At a football game, every time the home team scores a touchdown, the person behind you blasts an air horn near your ears causing you to wince. Unfortunately for you, the home team scores frequently. As the end of the game nears, the home team scores a touchdown, and even though the inconsiderate fan behind you has left, you still wince.UCS-UCR- CR – CS-

You are a counselor, and a couple comes to consult with you. They

Question You are a counselor, and a couple comes to consult with you. They are worried that their high school age child is homosexual. They want to know how this might have happened. What might you tell them, based on psychological research, about the factors that determine sexual orientation?

I have an assignment on this article and it has 30 questions, but need help with the following questions.

Question Get Answer I have an assignment on this article and it has 30 questions, but need help with the following questions. What is statement of hypotheses/research question of the article? How was the procedure in the article? What is assessments were used in the article?What data were used to test hypotheses in the article?How does the observed data relate to the research questions/hypotheses? Critical Analysis of Research Independent Synthesis of Research with Existing Literature Discussed in Article’s IntroSweating away depression? The impact of intensive exercise on depressionRossBalchinaJaniLindebDeeBlackhurstcHG LaurieRauchdGeorgSchönbächlereAbstractBackgroundIn periods of prolonged stress and pain the body produces endorphins to help endure pain. The PANIC system is built on the same pathways as the pain system and is characterized by behaviour that looks like depression. The term ‘mental pain’ in the context of feelings of loss is arguably justified in light of this relationship between the physical pain and social loss systems. It is reasonable to expect that endorphin release ameliorates depression.MethodsModerately depressed males (n=30) were randomly assigned to one of three groups of varying exercise intensity. Each underwent a six-week exercise programme for three days per week, one hour per day. The HAM-D, MADRS, and ANPS were administered weekly and β-endorphin levels measured.ResultsModerate- and high-intensity exercise improved depression levels, while very-low intensity exercise did not have as beneficial an effect. β-endorphin results were inconclusive. Participants showed a slight decrease in PANIC and FEAR, and increased SEEKING.LimitationsThe potential insensitivity of the assays that were utilized, and the known problems with measuring β-endorphins, may have contributed to the findings. The lack of a state measure of the basic emotion systems is problematic, as a trait measure has to be relied upon, and this likely affected the ability to accurately detect changes over time.ConclusionsThe demonstrated improvements in depressive symptoms have important implications for the clinical treatment of patients despite the hypothesis that the PANIC system is involved in the genesis and maintenance of depression not having been conclusively confirmed.Keywords Depression Exercise β‐Endorphin PANIC/Separation-distress systemEvidence exists that exercise is beneficial for alleviating depression. Whilst key research is required to investigate the mechanisms responsible for this relationship, the fact remains that physical activity is good for physical and mental health (Blake, 2012). Despite studies suggesting that exercise can alleviate depressive symptoms, it remains unclear how much, how frequent, and how intense exercise should be, and what form is best. Few clinical-control trials have looked at exercise and its effects on depression. Most studies find that exercise is an effective treatment and is comparable to antidepressant therapy. Few studies have examined different intensities of exercise, and the relationship between exercise and endorphins has been inadequately investigated.Based on the pioneering work of Jaak Panksepp, there are considered to be four ‘basic-emotion command systems’ in the brain: the SEEKING-, FEAR-, RAGE- and PANIC/separation-distress/sadness system (Panksepp, 1998). It is possible that the PANIC system is the mechanism underlying depression. This system is built over the physical pain pathway, with the anterior cingulate gyrus as its core (Solms and Turnbull, 2002). Stimulation of the PANIC system can produce a full clinical depression (Solms and Turnbull, 2002). Psychological pain when separated from an attachment figure results from a withdrawal of endogenous opioids. Separation distress results in two distinct behaviours: (i) animals call out to be found, known as the ‘protest phase’; (ii) if the caregiver does not return, then after a while the animal withdraws and waits to be found, known as the ‘despair phase’ (Panksepp, 1998). The despair phase is characterized by withdrawal and hibernation-like behaviour, which looks exactly like depression (Solms and Turnbull, 2002).The body produces endorphins to help endure pain. These are only released when pain intensity is at least moderately high. The endogenous opioid-based PANIC system is built on the same pathways as the pain system. The term ‘mental pain’ in the context of feelings of loss seems justified in light of this relationship between the physical pain and social loss systems. It is reasonable to expect that endorphin release positively affects depression, and evidence exists that exercise is beneficial for depression. However, the precise physiological mechanism underlying the antidepressant effect of exercise has not been fully elucidated. We hypothesized that it involves the PANIC system and the benefit that endorphin release has on this system — as with its established analgesic effect with physical pain.Key hypotheses for this study were: (i) the mechanism behind improvements in depression due to exercise is the effect of endorphin release on the PANIC system; (ii) only high-intensity exercise greater than 70% of HR reserve would produce a significant β-endorphin release (Øktedalen et al., 2001), whereas moderate-intensity exercise (less than 50% of HR reserve) and very low-intensity exercise would be insufficient, and would not result in any significant improvement in depression; (iii) those whose depression improved would show decreased PANIC and FEAR, and increased SEEKING.1. Methodology1.1. SampleThirty moderately depressed males aged between 18 and 42 years were recruited (mean age =25.4 years; mean BMI, kg/m2=26.9). None were receiving any antidepressant therapy. Level of depression was determined using an online Major Depression Inventory (MDI), and confirmed by interview with a psychologist using the Hamilton Rating Scale of Depression (HAM-D). Participants were randomly assigned to one of three exercise groups: High-intensity (HIGH), Moderate-intensity (MOD), and a Control group (CON). There were eleven MODs (mean: age=24.2 years; BMI, kg/m2=24.6), 9 HIGHs (mean: age=28 years; BMI, kg/m2=25.3), and ten CONs (mean: age=23.9 years; BMI, kg/m2=30.6). Twenty-one completed the study, with 12 dropping out. An intention-to-treat analysis was adopted, so dropouts were not excluded from the data analysis. Females were excluded due to the menstrual cycle, as were individuals with a prior high-intensity exercise routine and those with medical conditions that put them at risk.1.2. MeasuresMaterials included the MDI, HAM-D, Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scale 2.4 (ANPS), along with a Suunto t6d watch with chest strap, a Lode Excalibur Sport Ergometer, the BORG RPE Scale, and the Peak Sustained Power Output test (PSPO).Blood was collected in gold Vacutaner tubes containing Z Serum Sep Clot Activator. The first β-endorphin kit used was a CUSABIO ELISA KIT (catalogue number CSB-E06821h; human β-endorphin, β-EP ELISA kit) ordered from Biocom Biotech. After several attempts, this kit was deemed to lack sufficient sensitivity and a second kit from MD Bioproducts (catalogue number M056011) was instead used.1.3. DesignThis three-armed prospective randomized control pilot study involved all groups participating in a six-week programme comprising exercise three days per week, for one hour per day. The HIGHs exercised at 70-75% of HR reserve, the MODs at 45-50%, while the CONs kept their HRs below 120 beats per minute (bpm) by walking and/or doing very light cycling. Once weekly, a psychologist (blind to the participant’s group) administered the HAM-D, MADRS and ANPS. The HIGHs and MODs had blood drawn once weekly (before and after exercise). The CON’s had blood taken at the start, before and after exercise, and upon completion of the study, before and after exercise.1.4. Data analysisPrincipal data analysis involved descriptive analysis of the psychological data. GraphPad Prism version 5.00 for Windows was used for the statistical analyses, constituting a secondary level of analysis conducted only on data from the 21 participants who completed the study. Non-parametric one-way ANOVAs with Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests were performed to calculate differences in: (i) the HAM-D and MADRS scores; (ii) circulating β-endorphin levels; (iii) HRs of all groups.2. Results2.1. Depression data2.1.1. Primary analysisThe qualitative analysis (n=30) revealed that 13 participants ended with no depression, 13 had mild depression, and four had moderate depression. Six HIGHs had no depression, two improved to mild depression, and one remained moderately depressed. Six MODs had no depression, four improved to mild depression, and one remained moderately depressed. One CON ended with no depression, seven improved to mild depression, and two stayed moderately depressed.2.1.2. Secondary statistical analysisThe HIGHs showed the greatest improvement, followed by the MODs. The CONs improved somewhat, but not to the same extent. The HIGH’s average HAM-D scores improved from 15.5 to 4.2, the MOD’s from 16.2 to 5.7, and the CON’s from 17.4 to 9.8. Fig. 1 shows initial and final HAM-D scores. There was no significant difference when comparing all three groups’ initial HAM-D scores (p=0.0789) with each other, or when comparing their final HAM-D scores (p=0.0974). There was a significant difference when comparing the initial scores for each group to their final HAM-D scores (p=34=Severe4. ConclusionHigh- and moderate intensity exercise had a positive impact on moderate depression. β-endorphin values did not increase significantly during exercise. The PANIC system was not conclusively firmed as the mechanism underlying depression.

A good test-taking strategy is to review the questions on the exam,

Question A good test-taking strategy is to review the questions on the exam, because you have encoded a lot of information that may be triggered by one question that can help answer a different question on the same exam. This illustrates the use of _____ as a study strategy.Group of answer choicesretrieval cuesflashbulb memoriesserial position effectorganization

25.A difference between heterosexuals and homosexuals has been found in their

Question 25.A difference between heterosexuals and homosexuals has been found in their sex drive.brain structure.I.Q.adult hormone levels.Regarding sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), which of the following statements is FALSE?Gonorrhea causes outward symptoms but has not been shown to damage the fertility of either men or women.It is easy to have an infection without knowing it and often impossible to tell whether a sexual partner is infectious.Chlamydia can, without symptoms, damage a woman’s reproductive organs, resulting in infertility.Because most of the more common STDs are treatable, many people dismiss the impact they can have on their healthIt is important to realize that many people who do transmit STDs are initiallyandrogenital.noninfectious.asymptomatic.androgynous.26.Persons with which paraphilic disorder tend to victimize unwilling participants?frotteuristic disorderexhibitionistic disorderall of thesevoyeuristic disorder27.According to researcher Sandra Bam, men who score high on masculine traits have all but which of the following attributes?disliking feministsbeing interested in sportsbeing uninterested in politicshaving mostly male friendsWhich of the following is an aspect of healthy communication in a relationship?recognizing that anger is never constructive or appropriateusing a healthy amount of defensivenesskeeping one’s feelings privateavoiding fighting to be “right”Regarding the incidence of homosexuality and bisexuality, which of the following statements is FALSE?Homosexuality, bisexuality, and asexuality are all considered parts of the normal range of variations in sexual orientation.More men than women consider themselves to be bisexual.More men than women consider themselves to be homosexual.Overall, about 3.4 percent of all adults regard themselves as homosexual or bisexual.Which of the following statements is FALSE regarding sexual satisfaction?Sexual problems typically occur on the part of one partner or the other.Believing that you deserve sexual pleasure is a key element in a healthy sexual relationship.Closeness and intimacy help maintain sexual desire.Busy couples should set aside time to spend together.

a career path (NURSING) the impact that gender has in:
The career

Question Get Answer a career path (NURSING) the impact that gender has in:
The career choice itself, including gender stereotyping within that careerOther factors that might influence career choice, obstacles to entering the career, and factors that impact career successThe work setting within that career, including factors that might lead to discrimination, communication differences that impact workplace success, issues related to power, and rates of sexual harassment

Essay Writing at AllEssays.Online

4.9 rating based on 17,037 ratings

17037 reviews

Review This Service




Rating: