Le Guin’s beautiful, perceptive short story unfolds a moral conundrum
Question Get Answer Le Guin’s beautiful, perceptive short story unfolds a moral conundrum as it reveals the stunning costs of a seemingly utopian town’s comforts. If our comfort depends on the suffering of others, Le Guin asks, how should we feel about these comforts, and what should we do? Is the “greater good” worth the sacrifice? Is such sacrifice even practical? Would you walk away from Omelas? or would you stay? Remember that everyone isn’t just doing “well”, they are doing great. The standard of living is very high. Would you leave the child if you leave? If you leave him, everyone will remain happy (except the child, who will suffer greatly). Be sure to post your initial thoughtful post by midnight, Friday and respond to at least one other post with a thoughtful comment by midnight, Sunday. You won’t be able to see another’s post until you post! (Consider that Omelas is about the size of Troy.)
Get Answer Question 1 1 pts Identify the prescriptive ethical statement: Group of answer choicesWomen should be paid equally
Question Get Answer Question 1 1 pts Identify the prescriptive ethical statement: Group of answer choicesWomen should be paid equally to men for equivalent work.Most Americans believe that companies shouldn’t pay their employees on the basis of race or gender.Sharia law suggests that wives should lead more domestic lives than their husbands.In the United States, we have anti-discrimination laws that preclude businesses from engaging unfair hiring practices.Flag this QuestionQuestion 21 ptsIdentify the descriptive ethical statement: Group of answer choicesThe government should not be allowed to control whether its citizens have children.The government must control the population by fining families who have more than two children.Pro-choice thinkers argue that keeping abortion legal helps control the population.To have an abortion is morally reprehensible.Flag this QuestionQuestion 31 ptsSuppose a firefighter is trapped in a burning building. Several concerned firefighters stand safely on the street, watching the blaze. Despite direct orders to hold back, one firefighter cannot contain himself and rushes into the burning building to rescue his comrade. How would a psychological egoist interpret this situation? Group of answer choicesThe firefighter who rushed into the building was motivated by a desire to avoid the guilt of letting his comrade perish.The firefighter who rushed into the building wants to be considered a brave hero.The firefighter who rushed into the building is an adrenaline junkie who thrives off of subjecting himself to precarious scenarios.A psychological egoist might agree with all of these statements.Flag this QuestionQuestion 41 ptsBy what logical paradox is the “psychological hedonist” (discussed in the Holton article) confronted?Group of answer choicesWhile it is always pleasurable to fulfill desire, the object of desire is not always pleasure.The object of our desires is always pleasure.One cannot simultaneously engage in a pleasurable activity and feel pleasure.If someone only ever engages in pleasurable activities, no one would get anything done.Flag this QuestionQuestion 51 ptsThe notion of reciprocal altruism (discussed in the Darlington article) is conceptually similar to William Hamilton’s “inclusive fitness” insofar as…Group of answer choicesboth theories highlight the evolutionary advantage of altruism.both theories emerged in the late 17th century.both theories maintain that psychological egoism is true.both theories effectively refute evolution as a causal contributor to human behavioral proclivities.Flag this QuestionQuestion 61 ptsWhy are children often used as experimental subjects in research projects involving “human nature?”Group of answer choicesChildren are alleged to be less socially-conditioned than their adult counterparts, and thusly more accurate exemplars of “human nature.”Children tend to be more honest and less self-conscious as research subjects.Children under the age of two act purely on instinct, which allows us a clearer perspective of unadulterated human nature.Children lack metacognition, which is a tricky variable to control for in research settings.Flag this QuestionQuestion 71 ptsIn the “cookie monster” experiment, the “leader” tended to…(Select ALL that apply)Group of answer choiceseat the fourth cookie.eat more dominantly (e.g., lip-smacking, mess-making).keep all the cookies to his or herself.decide how many cookies each participant got to eat.Flag this QuestionQuestion 81 ptsWhat is the “eternal regress” of metacognition?Group of answer choicesThe innate capacity for metacognitive beings to think about what they’re thinking about ad infinitumMetacognition is eternally regressing into more primitive, instinctual ways of thinking.Intelligent design theorists claim that metacognition has always been a component of hominid species.The hypothesized capacity to recall the memories of our ancestors.Flag this QuestionQuestion 91 ptsWhat do we mean when we say “motivation is a non-falsifiable construct?”Group of answer choicesOne’s motivation(s) can never be proven nor disproven.We don’t really know if “motivation” is real because we don’t know if free will is real.Psychological egoism is proven beyond a shadow of a doubt.Altruism is proven beyond a shadow of a doubt.Flag this QuestionQuestion 101 ptsWhich statement most accurately encapsulates the essence of social contract theory? (see the PBS video)Group of answer choicesWe surrender some freedoms in exchange for the benefits of cooperative living.Everyone keep to themselves.The best thing to do is always that which is beneficial to society.Unlimited freedom is conducive to human flourishing.
You are out for a walk one evening when you see a mugger accosting
Question You are out for a walk one evening when you see a mugger accosting an elderly woman. According to which of the following ethical theories would you choose the course of action that brings the most benefit or least amount of detriment to the most amount of people in coming to the aid of that woman?A)ObjectivismB)UtilitarianismC)DeterminismD)Deontology
How would someone using the principlist paradigm explain the moral failings present in Travis’s case? What moral failings might they
How would someone using the principlist paradigm explain the moral failings present in Travis’s case? What moral failings might they miss if they were using this paradigm? In other words, think about how Fiester might analyze Travis’s case; how does this perspective lead to an enhanced understanding of Travis’s situation? What other obligations or duties were violated that the principlist paradigm might not capture?
John comes upon a mugger stealing from an elderly woman. John knows
Question John comes upon a mugger stealing from an elderly woman. John knows nothing abut how to handle such a situation. He is also smaller than the mugger. The mugger also has a gun. John is unarmed. According to Virtue Ethics, which of the following would be the excess in exercising the Virtue of Courage?Group of answer choicesA)None of theseB)Attack the muggerC)Call the policeD)Run away without doing anything to help
According to philosopher Mark Vernon, which of the following is NOT true of a work-based friendship?
Question According to philosopher Mark Vernon, which of the following is NOT true of a work-based friendship? 1.It is primarily a friendship of utility.2.Most often, it turns into a friendship of pleasure. 3.It can ultimately turn into a friendship of the soul. 4.The friendship often dwindles when one leaves the work environment.
Choose a specific scientific discipline (astronomy, medicine, botany, chemistry, biology, physics, etc) and create a timeline of 5 important figures
Choose a specific scientific discipline (astronomy, medicine, botany, chemistry, biology, physics, etc) and create a timeline of 5 important figures (people) in this field, living between the years 1500-1800. These individuals can be well-known and prominent Each timeline entry should include the person’s name, dates, and a brief blurb (200-300 words) about their background and significance/contributions to the field. Please include images to make the timeline visually interesting. At least ONE should be a woman, and you also include someone who is not from Europe. Make sure you delete any part of the template that is not relevant
When confronting the problem of the time it takes to calculate the best possible action, Mill argues that:
Question When confronting the problem of the time it takes to calculate the best possible action, Mill argues that: A. “there is plenty of time, but many are too lethargic to use it wisely.” B. “there has been plenty of time, namely, the whole past duration of the human species…” C. “there is never enough time for an individual, but this is why the voice of expertise and authority should be followed.” D. “the time is sufficient so long as cooperate to use it well.”
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